As a national legal ticket, food stamps were officially passed throughout the country since November 1955. However, grain purchase securities similar to grain coupons have a long history. According to research, the earliest ticket with the word "grain coupon" was the "grain receipt ticket" issued by Tongchuan government in the 32nd year of Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty (AD 1767). Later, during the period of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, the "food coupons of the Chinese dynasty" were issued, and the "food coupons" were also used by the alliance led by Sun Yat Sen. During the agrarian revolution led by the Communist Party of China, in 1931, the grain Committee of the Soviet government specially printed grain borrowing certificates. In 1934, the central government of the Soviet Republic of China issued "rice tickets". During the period of the Republic of China, although food stamps were not directly issued, securities related to food were also issued. For example, in the thirtieth year of the Republic of China (1941), the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of food of the National Government jointly issued "food Treasury coupons", which is a voucher for early grain collection, and signed by finance minister Kong Xiangxi and Food Minister Xu Zhan.
In October 1949, after the founding of new China, the state did not formulate a unified policy for issuing food stamps, but several major administrative regions and some local governments in East China, North China, southwest, northwest and Central South China issued food stamps to military and government cadres and government staff within their own administrative scope in accordance with the spirit of "historical economy and planned grain consumption" put forward by the central government. Some were priced in grain and paid in grain stamps. During this period, the food stamps of various administrative regions were designed rigorously, with large ticket widths, and the face composition was similar to the first version of RMB and numbered. In 1953, the central government issued the order on the planned purchase and supply of grain, and began to implement the unified purchase and marketing. In 1954, some cities and counties began to try out grain coupons. On August 25, 1955, the State Council promulgated the Interim Measures on the quantitative supply of grain in cities and towns. In November of the same year, the Ministry of grain and the provincial people's governments officially issued grain coupons. Since then, the grain coupon purchase system has been implemented throughout the country.
The denominations of the tickets issued by the Ministry of grain in 1955 are half a catty, one catty, three catties and five catties. The local food tickets are only used in provincial areas. The denominations are divided into one city, two cities, five cities, one catty, two catties, five catties and ten catties. The national and local food tickets are calculated based on finished grain. At the beginning of the official issuance of food stamps, the 16 Liang system was adopted for measurement. In 1959, the national measurement was changed to the ten Liang system, and the denomination of food stamps was also measured by the ten Liang system, which was used until 1985. From 1986 to 1992, the kilogram system of food stamps was implemented, and it coexisted with the kilogram system. In 1992, since the market value of food stamps per kilogram was only 2 cents after the national food price increase, and the food stamps were not afraid of forgery, the printing tended to be simplified, and the issuance and use of food stamps came to an end. In 1993, the food stamps, as "China's first ticket", ended with the liberalization of food prices.
The grain ticket was originally a kind of grain purchase voucher, but the names on the grain ticket were different. Especially after the 1970s, the names of the grain ticket were diverse. In addition, the continuous emergence of various kinds of grain purchase tickets made the name of the grain ticket more complicated. According to the statistics in the book "collection and appreciation of food stamps" compiled by Yao gaowu, there are about 90 kinds of food stamps in four categories: tickets, coupons, certificates and cards all over the country, and the similar ones are no longer included, and there are 52 kinds of tickets alone. According to the administrative level, the food stamps issued in 1955 can be divided into national food stamps, provincial food stamps, prefecture and city food stamps, county food stamps and district and town food stamps. According to the practical nature, it can be divided into common food stamps, agricultural food stamps, type of work food stamps, military food stamps and overseas Chinese remittance food stamps. In the past 40 years since the implementation of the grain purchase system, 21 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 3 municipalities directly under the central government and more than 2000 counties have issued food stamps. With its wide scope, long time and great influence, it can be called the most in the world.